• Position:PhD student


Hans de Beer has a background in hydrogeology and specialised in groundwater flow modelling, GIS and urban groundwater management. Hans de Beer currently has a position as a hydrogeologist at the Geological Survey of Norway in Trondheim (Norway). His key interests are in:

  • The role of groundwater in-situ preservation of archaeological deposits
  • 3D integrated modelling of geological and anthropogenic deposits 
  • Groundwater flow modelling
  • Urban hydrology and sustainable development of inner cities.

In combination with his research activities at the Survey in collaboration with the Directorate for Cultural Heritage in Norway, Hans pursues a PhD-degree at the Vrije Universiteit on hydrogeological characterization of waterlogged urban archaeological sites for risk assessment and sustainable in situ preservation. He is currently working on 2 prime urban archaeological sites in Norway, Bryggen in Bergen and the Medieval City of Oslo, as cases to develop a more holistic characterization methodology and risk assessment of urban waterlogged organic deposits. Focus lies on integrating ground- and surface water management, and increasing knowledge and awareness among stakeholders in those parts of the urban environment where archaeological heritage is present and preferably preserved in-situ.


Recent Projects

  • North Sea Skills Integration and New Technologies, SKINT. An Interreg IVB project aiming to facilitate the implementation of sustainable urban land and water management by improving the integration of water management in spatial planning processes. The Norwegian partnership in SKINT wants to improve the relationship between urban water management and preservation of cultural heritage. Partly funded by the Interreg IV North Sea Programme.
  • The Bryggen Project. A large restoration project for the World Heritage Site Bryggen in Bergen, covering all the buildings and their foundations runs from 2001 to 2031. The strategic project aims to bring Bryggen to a state of repair that is in accordance with its status as a World Heritage Site, and where only regular maintenance is necessary. Low phreatic groundwater levels caused by redevelopment of the area next to the World Heritage Site of Bryggen in the late '70s have led to an increased flux of oxygen in the subsurface. This currently threatens the heritage site due to decomposition of organic material and consequent settling. Groundwater modelling and monitoring are essential activities to increase understanding of the dynamics of the site and to assess risks and possibilities for in-situ preservation. Funded by the Directorate for Cultural Heritage in Norway.
  • Medieval City of Oslo. An investigation into the preservation status and vulnerability of automatically protected archaeological organic deposits in the old city of Oslo (Gamlebyen). The research area is under large urbanisation pressure. Funded by the Directorate for Cultural Heritage in Norway.


Selected Publications

  • Beer H., de, Christensson A., Jensen J. A. & Matthiesen H. (2007): A numerical model to support archaeological preservation strategies. In: Kars, H. and Robert M. van Heeringen (eds.) Journal of Bio- and Archaeological Studies 10. Preserving archaeological remains in situ. Proceedings of the 3rd conference 7-9 December 2006, Amsterdam 
  • de Beer, H. and Matthiesen (2008). Groundwater modelling and monitoring from an archaeological perspective; possibilities and challenges. Geological Survey of Norway special publication 11, 2008: 67-81. 
  • de Beer, H. (2009). Hydrogeological mapping of the protected area "Medieval City" in Gamlebyen in Oslo. NGU report 2009.074, February 2010 (in Norwegian only).
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